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About Rinjani Mountain

About Rinjani Mountain

Rinjani Mountain national park lies within the major transition zone (Wallace) where the flora and fauna of south East Asia makes a dramatic transition into that which is typical of Australia. The park has a rich variety of plants and animals, although they can be hard to spot due to the terrain and rainforest cover

The 3,726-meter mountain is a unique site, with the presence of crescent-shaped Segara Anak lake on its crater and active volcano Baru Jari nearby. Mount Rinjani is the second-highest volcano in the country after the 3,800-meter Mount Kerinci in Sumatra. Its peak is located on the eastern park of the caldera, where a new active volcano has emerged.

Based on research, the mountain had several major eruptions, which formed extraordinary natural stone morphology within the Mount Rinjani National Park area.

The mountain, as part of the national park, is currently managed by Rinjani Trek Management Board, a body comprising members of the government, NGOs, the community and tourism businesspeople. Since managed by the board, the mountain has received several awards, locally and internationally, including the 2004 World Legacy Award and was finalist of the Tourism for Tomorrow Awards in 2005 and 2008.

Apart from its extraordinary scenery and unique flora and fauna, the region is also home to rich traditional customs, traditions and communities.

As a volcano, Rinjani  Mountain has great Geo tourism potential with its scenic caldera, lake, crater, waterfall, hot water spring, its eruption history and many more.

The Summit views is unforgettable, especially looking down in the Caldera with clouds drifting across the surface of Segara Anak. On the edge of Segara Anak, lies a Volcanic cone – Mount Barujari (2,375 m), still occasionally emits smoke. Along the summit trail, to the Northwest direction, you can also spot a tiny cone among the clouds – the highest mountain in Bali – Gunung Agung (3,142 m).

Over 20 villages surround Mt. Rinjani and there are many routes up the mountain, but the main access is from Senaru in the north and Sembalun Lawang in the east cost. Sometimes seen early in the morning is the morning is the rare black Ebony leaf monkey, know locally as lutung. The long tailed gray macaque of kera is common in Lombok and order males are seen on the crater rim. Rusa deer are forest dwellers and are occasionally seen a long the Rinjani trek train.

The smaller barking deer or kijang has an alarm call with a distinct dog – like bark. Look for the disturbed ground where the wild pig or babi hutan has been foraging. Also found in the forest is the leopard cat or bodok alas, palm civet or ujat and porcupine or landak.

A variety of colorful birds live in the forest of the park. Perhaps the best – know icon of the park is the crested cockatoo that is not found any further west of Lombok. Many of the forest-dwelling animals, insects, birds, civets, and monkeys owe their survival to the wild fig tree or beringin as a provider of food and shelter.

The pine-like casuarinas species, Cemara, are a feature of the grassy higher slopes. Orchids or anggrek are also a feature of the grassland areas, as is edelweiss or bunga abadi growing above the tree line, it is a beautiful icon of the park and one of the park and one of our best-know sub-alpine plants.

Surrounding Villages
Sembalun Village Route
There are a view paths leading to the summit. We will begin from Sembalun Lawang, a small forming village, and end our trail at Senaru, a well established tone with guest houses and bungalow residence. Sembalun Lawang is a gateway to Rinjani Mountain, with Wonderful Panorama it location in slope of Rinjani Mountain. It nestled in a very pretty valley where the soil is rich and the locals farm vegetables and crops such as Strawberries, you can enjoy amazing views of Tropical Forest, neighboring villages and the sea. Descending from the hill you will see Bamboo Gardens and along the way you will also see Coffee Trees.

Sembalun Route
Start from Sembalun then you will arrive at the Crater Rim (about 3,100 m). A point called Plawangan II, which is one of the two points of access to the Crater. Inside the Rim the dazzling sign of Segara Anak lies before you. We will established a Base Camp along the Crater Rim.

Senaru  Village Route
The Senaru Trek is the most used trek. Not only is it a trekking path, it is also used by a local community who go to Lake Segara Anak to do Traditional Rituals. Tke climbing route to the lake is Senaru – Plawangan Senaru – Lake Segara Anak by foot. There are three rest areas (post) from Senaru gate to Lake Segara Anak. Along the trail, the visitor can be enjoy the magnificence of the dense forest and the amazing rock formation. If you wish to continue your trip from Segara Anak to the Peak, you can Sembalun Trek.

Timbanuh Village Route
Timbanuh is new discover road expedition to get summit Mt. Rinajni, This expedition route was the first route to adventure to Mt. Rinjani 3726 M and the trekker should be the real adventurous spirit, and we accept only trekker a strong body and have an experience trek. The route trek is pass inside calderas, we will reach summit from the southern rim via timbanuh, from there we will reach segara anak lake and than we climb up to the summit of Mt. Rinjani.

Torean Village Route
This Waterfall is situated in the forest area of the Torean Bayan. In the Northern part of West Lombok regency, this place can be reached within approximately 2 hours on foot from Torean through the forest. The sound of water on the stone formation is like a harmonies song, the stone relief around the waterfalls increase the beauty of the green surrounding

What You Will Find On The Rinjani Mountain
Bunut Ngengkang
The first place to rest, located where the paths from Senaru and Semokan meet. Here is a Banyan tree with a wide space on the lower part, which looks like a person standing up with legs apart. That is why it is called Bunut Ngengkang. Andongan Tambing is one of the forrest entry gates and the First Camp on the Rinjani Trek. At this point the trekkers are warned to be careful of the steep slopes.

Half Way Point (Pos II Campsite)
At the second resting place (Camp II) is a stone which is called Batu Penyesalan. This marks the place where the trekkers feels a conflict about whether to continue or to turn back because we still have as far to go to our destination as we have already walked
Usually it takes about two hours to walk here from Bunut Ngengkang.

Caves
One of the three famous caves (Goa Susu, Goa Payung, dan Goa Manik), Susu Cave is a good place for self reflection and is often used as a place to meditate. The people with unclean and envious mind will have difficulty entering Susu cave which has a narrow entrance, but people with noble and pure mind will easily enter the cave.
Inside the cave water drips from the tip of a stone which looks like a nipple, so people say the water in Goa Susu tastes different. Inside Goa Susu is hot and there is a lot of smoke which looks like cooking steam so people call this Mengukus (hot house) and sometimes people call it Rontgen (X-Ray).

Healing Hot Spring
Aiq Kalak means hot water and it is used to cure various diseases. One of the hot springs named “pengkereman jembangan” which is means a place for dipping. The water, which spurts out of the spring is very hot. Weapon such as kris, sword, big knives, and lances are dipped in the spring to test their magic power. If the weapon become sticky, it mean that the weapon is bad and has no magical power.
However if the weapon remain unchanged it means that the weapon has supernatural power and the strength will be increased. People also used hot spring to make medicine from coconut cream. After dipping bottle of coconut cream in the hot spring if the liquid become clear and oily it can be use ad medicinal oil. Than the medicinal oil is used for good things and is called “Siu satus tunggal”  which means that it can be used to cure a thousand kinds of diseases.

Segara Anak Lake
This lake is wide and blue like the ocean, the name of “Segara Anak” means child of the Sea. Segara anak Lake holds various mysteries and invisible powers. People feel intent to stay longer in this place because of the large community of the mysterious spirits, which people believe it is living surrounding the lake. The local people believe that if the lake looks wide when its seen at a distance, it is sign they will live to an old age;  or if the lake seems narrow, it is  a sign of a short age. So in order not to be pessimistic, people quickly purify themselves by lifting up their spirit and calm soul and look at the lake contentedly. In the area of the lake, its forbidden to have sexual intercourse, to complain or say dirty things. Always coolind down in solving any problem.

Local Strawberry
This plant grows along the route to Mt. Rinjani. It has thorns like the rose and the fruit is red like strawberry. It has a sweet and slightly sour taste and is good to eat when trekkers are hungry and thirsty.

Eternal Flower or Edelweiss
The plant or the flowers should not be taken because it grows in the park and in the mysterious world of the spirit kingdom. In the past, someone who wanted this flower must be brave enough to fight and gamble his soul. That is why the flower is called Sandar Nyawa. The flower has never wilted and is as old as the mysterious spirits.

The Peak of Rinjani
The people of Lombok believe that the peak of Mt. Rinjani is where Dewi Anjani, the queen spirit and ruler of Mt. Rinjani lives. To the south-east from the peak in a sea of dust called Segara Muncar is the invisible palace of the queen Dewi Anjani and her followers. They are good spirits. According to a story about the Queen Spirit Dewi Anjani she was the daugther of a King who would not allow her to marry her boyfriend. At a spring called Mandala she dissappeared and changed from the real world to the spirit world.

Mount Baru (new mountain in the middle of the lake)
Gunung Baru is the name of the new volcano, which merged in the center of Segara Anak Lake. People believe that if gunung baru erupted it will not harm the people in lombok unless the eruption is coming from the peak of Mt. Rinjani. Some people said that the 1994 gunung baru was erupted because of spirits who were building something and it is causing the stones that erupted were arranged in an orderly and attractive way at the foot of gunung baru. Another eruption was on 2004,September.

What you should to Know !
The Rinjani trek is a challenging mountain walk and you must be prepared with good equipment, warm and windproof clothing. Rinjani can attract severe storms, lightening and strong winds. When the weather is settled, the sun is intense and the nights frosty. Parts of the trail are steep and slippery. Beware of bad weather and risks of exposure to the wet and cold (hypothermia). If caught in an electrical storm, take shelter and avoid prominent ridges. Beware of stinging insects and plants. Leeches can be a nuisance in the wet season.

Volcanic Hazards:
Although Mt.Rinjani has not erupted in recorded history, Mt.Baru (2,351m) in the crater lake is an active volcano. It last erupted dramatically in 1994. Check the notice boards for recent hazards, and take advice from park staff and guides.

Hot Spring water
Lombok Trekking  Team Porter and Sunny Guide Wearing  brown t-shirt  at Mount Rinjani and Mount Tambora Sumbawa island

Spring Water:
Fresh water springs are a feature of the trek and determine campsites. Your guide know where these are. During the drier months (July – September) some springs completely disappear. Park staff and guides constantly monitor these water sources to determine their abundance.

Guides and Porters:
We hire only professional mountain guide and porters from the nearest villages in the area of Rinjani National Park who has pass the guiding and handling test and hold a valid guide license. Lombok Network is keen to develop the Eco Tourism Concept, giving as much as benefit to the local community to improve their standard of living. 5% from the net income is donated to support education for the poor children in isolated villages.

Park Fees:
Fees are paid at the Rinjani Trek Center at Rp. $ 15 /person/entry. They contribute to the protection, maintenance and management of the national park, rinjani trek route, village attractions and visitor facilities.